Persian Calligraphy and Writing
In Iran, calligraphy is considered and admired as one of fine arts, therefore in this course many famous artists have come into existence.
In the end of the third century and at the beginning of the fourth century AH(about 1000 years ago) a brilliant man as Mohammad Ibn-e Ali Alfarsi (Ibn-e Moghalah),the serious minister, manifested in this art, therefore calligraphy got into a new period by having this famous Artist. This process is considered as the first and the most important step in evolving writing and appearing new sorts of it.And this was the beginig of a great movement in appearing art calligraphy which got to its pick during the next centuries. Gradually, the researching Iranians with their virtuosity continued with evolution of calligraphy in order that by the middle of the 8th century AH three kinds of writing was invented; they were called Taliq , Nastaliq ,and the reformed of Taliq .And through the centuries many calligraphists evolved them to their picks. Nowadays ,in Iran there are four kinds of calligraphies prevailing upon the artists of this course; they include Nastaliq, the reformed Nastaliq,Naskh and Tholth of which Nastaliq and its reformed form are the pure Iranian calligraphies while the other two have been derived from Arabic calligraphy.
Persian calligraphy is considered and admired as a fine art. Nastaliq, indicating the Iranian artful taste, is one of the finest and the most beautiful calligraphy types.
Nastaliq , indicating the Iranian artful taste, is undoubtedly the finest and the most beautiful calligraphy in the world. To get to the current position, this calligraphy has passed an evolutionary trace during the passed seven centuries.
Avowedly, the first artist to evolve Nastaliq as dependent and regular as that of today’s is Mir Ali Tabrizi. He is said to have died in 850 AH.
Of other innumerable calligraphists, we can name Mirza Jaafar Tabrizi,Soltan Ali Mashhadi,Soltan Mohammad Khandan, Soltan Mohammad Nour,Mir Ali Haravi, and the most famous of them Mir Emad Hassani Seifi.
In the second half of the thirteenth century,some calligraphists as Mirza Asadollah Shirazi, Davari(son of Vesal) Haj Fazlollah and Mirza Abolfazle Savoji,Mirza Gholamreza Isfahani,Mirza Mohammadreza Kalhor,Mirza Mohammadhassan Kateb-e Shirazi have enlivened this art.What mentioned here was a short view of calligraphy and reminding some of the famous calligraphists of Iran.