Hafeziyeh (Tomb of Hafez) in Shiraz
Khwāja Shams-ud-Dīn Muhammad Hāfez-e Shīrāzī, the great sonneteer, known by his pen name Hafez, and titled by Lesan-ol-Qeib and Tarjoman ol-Asrar, was born in the early eighth century of Hijri calendar (1321 AD) in Shiraz, and died in 792 Hijri (1413 AD) in Shiraz. Hafez, according to himself, had been memorized Qur’an in fourteen stories and hence has been called Hafez (the memorizer). According to Annobanini research in addition to his pinnacled position in Persian poetry, Hafez has a very high position in Arabic literature science, too.
Hafeziyeh is the name of a shrine complex in north of Shiraz, in the south of Darvazeh Qur’an. Because it contains the shrine of Hafez-e Shirazi, this complex is known by this name. Hafeziyeh has about 2 hectares area and is formed from two northern and southern courtyard separated by a hall. This complex has 4 entrance-exit door. The main door is located on the south side, two doors are on the west side and one door is on the east side.
The northern part contains 8 entrance and exit; The Shrine also consists of 8 stone pillars. The number 8 symbolizes the eighth century (the century Hafez was lived in) and the eight doors of paradise.
The exterior of the dome of the shrine, is a symbol of sky and is formed as the hat of Turkish dervishes. The inside of the dome is decorated with different theosophical colors; Turquoise blue (symbol of heaven), amethystine red (symbol of eternal wine), black and white (symbol of day and night) and burnt brown (symbol of earth).