Hegmataneh (Ecbatana) site and museum

Hamedan is the capital of history and civilizationin Iran, this site is in the middle of the city with 30 hectares area. Most of archaeologists believe that this site is Iran’s largest ancient hill. Aryan tribes of Medes had built this city. It was the capital of the first persian empire. Due to its situation in the king path in Achaemenian era, it was chosen as summer capital. Among the characters of the ancient city of Hegmataneh, is its architectury and regular plan. It had regular and advanced water supply network in the Median era. Thehistory of scientific drilling goes back to 1913 by the French researchers, but no article was established about this drilling. During 1983 to 1999 , Iranian archaeologists covered about 14000 meters of the site and found a large city in the Hegmataneh hill. They also found city’s great barrierwith 9 meters in diameter and 8 meters high . During the drillings many precious and unique monuments were discovered from Achaemenian and their ancestors.
The museum is near the French hole, its objects are divided into 2 groups : Exclusive and provincial. The museum is mostly a place to keep and research about objects found in the historic site . There are artifacts of stone, clay, bone and metal from periods before and after Islam to show. Most important objects are the base of pillars of the Achaemenid palaces, tow glass and stone stamp of the pre-Islamic era, ceramic bovine head belonging to the Achaemenid era…