Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi , also known as Jalal ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhi , Mawlana/Mawlawi , more popularly as Rumi (1207 – 17 December 1273), was a 13th-century Persian poet, jurist, Islamic scholar, theologian, and Sufi mystic. Rumi’s influence transcends national borders and ethnic divisions: Iranians, Tajiks, Turks, Greeks, Pashtuns, other Central Asian Muslims, and the Muslims of South Asia have greatly appreciated his spiritual legacy for the past seven centuries. His poems have been widely translated into many of the world’s languages and transposed into various formats. Rumi has been described as the “most popular poet” and the “best selling poet” in the United States.
Rumi was born to native Persian-speaking parents, originally from the Balkh city of Khorasan, in present-day Afghanistan. He was born either in Wakhsh, a village located on the Vakhsh River in the greater Balkh region in present-day Tajikestan, or in the city of Balkh, located in present-day Afghanistan.
He lived most of his life under the Persianate Seljug Sultanate of Rum, where he produced his worksand died in 1273 AD. He was buried in Konya and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage.
Mewlana had been spontaneously composing ghazals (Persian poems), and these had been collected in the Divan-i Kabir or Diwan Shams Tabrizi.
In December 1273, Rumi fell ill; and Rumi died on 17 December 1273 in Konya; his body was interred beside that of his father, and a splendid shrine, the Yeşil Türbe , was erected over his place of burial.
His poets are divided into the quatrains (rubayāt) and odes (ghazal) of the Divan and he has six famous books that names are, Maṭnawīye Ma’nawī(Masnavi), Dīwān-e Kabīr, Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi, Fihi Ma Fihi, Majales-e Sab’a , Makatib.