Saadi(Located in Shiraz)
Saadi is the Persian Iranian poet, writer and philosopher who was born and died in the 13th century in Shiraz. He is a great lyric poet second only to Hafez. All in all; he is one of the great names not only in Persian speaking countries, but has been quoted in western sources as well.
Saadi was a great traveler too. He was very much like Marco Polo who traveled in the region from 1271 to 1294. He spent many years wandering from the Middle East to North Africa and to India. He finally settled in Shiraz where he composed his two major works. Those are Golestan (The Garden of Roses) and Boostan (The Orchard). These two books are very popular among the Iranians. His poems and phrases of the poems are daily quoted by millions of Persian speaking people around the world. After his death, he was buried near Hafez; nevertheless, his tomb, with a turquoise-blue dome, was totally rebuilt in 1952.
Saadi is well known for his aphorisms, the most famous of which, Bani Adam, is part of the Gulistan. In a delicate way it calls for breaking down all barriers between human beings:
This translation is by H. Vahid Dastjerdi:
Adam’s sons are body limbs, to say;
For they’re created of the same clay.
Should one organ be troubled by pain,
Others would suffer severe strain.
Thou, careless of people’s suffering,
Deserve not the name, “human being”.